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库安装

vcpkg: C++ Library Manager for Windows, Linux, and MacOS

我这里是 archLinux 的安装方式

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$ yay -S vcpkg-git
$ sudo vcpkg install opencv

代码编写

调用摄像头的实例

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#include <opencv2/core.hpp>
#include <opencv2/videoio.hpp>
#include <opencv2/highgui.hpp>
#include <iostream>
#include <stdio.h>
using namespace cv;
using namespace std;
int main(int, char**)
{
Mat frame;
//--- INITIALIZE VIDEOCAPTURE
VideoCapture cap;
// open the default camera using default API
// cap.open(0);
// OR advance usage: select any API backend
int deviceID = 0; // 0 = open default camera
int apiID = cv::CAP_ANY; // 0 = autodetect default API
// open selected camera using selected API
cap.open(deviceID, apiID);
// check if we succeeded
if (!cap.isOpened()) {
cerr << "ERROR! Unable to open camera\n";
return -1;
}
//--- GRAB AND WRITE LOOP
cout << "Start grabbing" << endl
<< "Press any key to terminate" << endl;
for (;;)
{
// wait for a new frame from camera and store it into 'frame'
cap.read(frame);
// check if we succeeded
if (frame.empty()) {
cerr << "ERROR! blank frame grabbed\n";
break;
}
// show live and wait for a key with timeout long enough to show images
imshow("Live", frame);
if (waitKey(5) >= 0)
break;
}
// the camera will be deinitialized automatically in VideoCapture destructor
return 0;
}

程序编译

使用 pkg-config 快速生成编译器依赖

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$ g++ test.cpp `pkg-config --cflags --libs /usr/lib/pkgconfig/opencv4.pc` -o camtest

运行测试

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$ ./camtest

Work fine!

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